Turkish Grammar: Present Tenses
One stone, three birds… This is literally true because the present tenses in Turkish (formed with the suffix -yor) is used for three different tenses in English. In this post I tried to explain the use and the form of the present tense in Turkish. Please use the comment form below if you need further explanation or translations.
The Present Tense in Turkish
The suffix for the present tenses is – yor, as all the Turkish learners are familiar with. This suffix is used for:
- The present continous tense in English: O … yapıyor. = He is making … (now).
- The simple present tense: O … yapıyor. = He makes … (every day).
- The present perfect continous tense: O … yapıyor. = He has been making … (for an hour).
One stone, three birds, isn’t it?
Let’s have a look how to form the verbs now. There aren’t irregular verbs in Turkish so you can form the verbs easily if you know the rules. Here are a few points for forming verbs in this tense:
- Verbs ending with a vowel (- yor) : uyu – yor, yürü – yor
- Verbs ending with consonants (- i/ı/ü/u – yor): iç – i – yor, bak – ı – yor, gör – ü – yor, koş – u – yor
- Verbs (root) ending with e / a. You drop (e / a) and add the suffix:
iste – mek becomes ist – i – yor
izle – mek becomes izl – i – yor
başla – mak becomes başl – ı – yor
yaşa – mak becomes yaş – ı – yor
- These verbs are not irregular but they change a little when adding this suffix:
gitmek becomes gidiyor
etmek becomes ediyor
Here is the positive, affirmative (question) and negative forms of the verbs.
- Affirmative O yapıyor.
- Question O yemek yapıyor mu?
The question word (for yes / no questions) is always mu? because the suffix (yor) ends with – o.
Ben yapıyor muyum?
Sen yapıyor musun?
O yapıyor mu?
Biz yapıyor muyuz?
Siz yapıyor musunuz?
Onlar yapıyor mu / yapıyorlar mı?
- Negative O yapmıyor.
One of the most common mistakes made by the learners is using the word değil (not) with the verbs. The suffix used to make verbs is – m – For example:
O yemek yapmıyor çünkü o bir aşçı değil. He doesn’t cook because he is not a chef.
Here are some verbs for you to make verbs in present tenses in Turkish:
Gelmek, okumak, beklemek, uyumak, dinlemek, dinlenmek, yazmak, gülmek, konuşmak, atmak, atlamak, almak, satmak. . .
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