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What are the national days in Turkey?
The word bayram means feast and is used for both religious festivals and national days in Turkey.
There are two religious festivals and four national days in Turkey. It is one-day official holiday on the national days. At religious festival, it is usually 4 –5 days or a week’s holiday depending on the week. In Turkey, Kadınlar Günü (Women’s Day), İşçi Bayramı / 1 Mayıs (Labour Day), 1 Nisan (Fool’s Day), Anneler Günü (Mother’s Day), Babalar Günü (Father’s Day), Sevgililer Günü (Valentine’s Day) and Yeni Yıl / Yılbaşı (New Year’s Day) are also celebrated like the rest of the world.
International Children’s and National Sovereignity Day, April 23
23 Nisan Egemenlik ve Çocuk Bayramı, International Children’s and National Sovereignty Day is celebrated on April 23rd. National Sovereignity Day started in 1920 (for the opening of the Turkish Parliament) was combined with the Children’s Day (for the children who became orphans in the war) in 1935. Çocuk Bayramı started as a national day on April 23rd, 1935 became an international activity for the children of the world by the announcement of UNESCO in 1979. Since then, children between the ages of 8-14 come to Turkey to present their culture through songs and dancing, and get to know the other children all over the world. So far over 20 thousands children from about 90 countries have visited Turkey for the Children’s Day.
Youth Day, May 19
19 Mayıs Gençlik ve Spor Bayramı, Youth and Sports Day on May 19th. This day is also a day of commemoration of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and the beginning of the national liberation movement initiated by Mustafa Kemal in 1919. The day is celebrated in honor of the arrival of M. K. Atatürk to Samsun on May 19, 1919 when the Turkish War of Independence began.
Victory Day, August 30
Zafer Bayramı, Victory Day is celebrated on the 30th of August. It is the remembrance day of the final war in 1922 against the Greek Army invaded Turkey after the first world war.
Republic Day, October 29
Cumhuriyet Bayramı, Republic Day is celebrated on the 29th of October. The Republic of Turkey was founded on the 29th October, 1923. The first political party in Turkey is CHP, Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi, Republican People’s Party.