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National Days in Turkey

National Days In Turkey





… Thanks to Mehmet Efendi, Turkish coffee lovers were able to enjoy the convenience of buying ready roasted and ground coffee, and he soon became known as “Kurukahveci Mehmet Efendi”, or Mehmet Efendi, vendor of roasted and ground coffee.

Kurukahveci Mehmet Efendi, who was born in 1857 in Fatih, Istanbul and studied at the Süleymaniye Medresesi (the school attached to the Süleymaniye Mosque complex), began to work in his father’s shop on Tahmis Street, Beyoglu. Mehmet Efendi took over the family business in 1871 and began roasting raw coffee beans, grinding them in mortars and selling roasted and ready-ground Turkish coffee to his customers. Soon Tahmis Street was filled with the rich aroma of freshly roasted coffee. Thanks to Mehmet Efendi, coffee lovers were able to enjoy the convenience of buying ready roasted and ground coffee, and he soon became known as “Kurukahveci Mehmet Efendi”, or Mehmet Efendi, vendor of roasted and ground coffee.

After he passed away in 1931, the business passes to his three sons: Hasan Selahattin Bey, Hulusi Bey and Ahmet Rıza Bey. The family formally took “Kurukahveci” as their last name in 1934. His oldest son recognized the importance of the international market and decided to become active abroad. Thus, Turkish coffee began to be promoted abroad as well as in the domestic market.

Mehmet Efendi’s youngest son Ahmet Bey, who was educated abroad, was inspired to take steps to modernise the firm and invest in advertising. In 1933, he had the company logo designed, which is still used today, and also company was promoted through posters and calendars, which was a revolutionary media attempt for the period. Then Kurukahveci Mehmet Efendi began to distribute their products via the firms own fleet of automobiles and they opened new branches.

Today Kurukahveci Mehmet Efendi is run by Mehmet Efendi’s grandchildren and what began as a small family business on Tahmis Street in 1871 has now grown into a global brand.

Kurukahveci Mehmet Efendi website

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What are the national days in Turkey?
The word bayram means feast and is used for both religious festivals and national days in Turkey.

There are two religious festivals and four national days in Turkey. It is one-day official holiday on the national days. At religious festival, it is usually 4 –5 days or a week’s holiday depending on the week. In Turkey, Kadınlar Günü (Women’s Day), İşçi Bayramı / 1 Mayıs (Labour Day), 1 Nisan (Fool’s Day), Anneler Günü (Mother’s Day), Babalar Günü (Father’s Day), Sevgililer Günü (Valentine’s Day) and Yeni Yıl / Yılbaşı (New Year’s Day) are also celebrated like the rest of the world.

International Children’s and National Sovereignity Day, April 23

23 Nisan Egemenlik ve Çocuk Bayramı, International Children’s and National Sovereignty Day is celebrated on April 23rd. National Sovereignity Day started in 1920 (for the opening of the Turkish Parliament) was combined with the Children’s Day (for the children who became orphans in the war) in 1935. Çocuk Bayramı started as a national day on April 23rd, 1935 became an international activity for the children of the world by the announcement of UNESCO in 1979. Since then, children between the ages of 8-14 come to Turkey to present their culture through songs and dancing, and get to know the other children all over the world. So far over 20 thousands children from about 90 countries have visited Turkey for the Children’s Day.

Youth Day, May 19

19 Mayıs Gençlik ve Spor Bayramı, Youth and Sports Day on May 19th. This day is also a day of commemoration of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and the beginning of the national liberation movement initiated by Mustafa Kemal in 1919. The day is celebrated in honor of the arrival of M. K. Atatürk to Samsun on May 19, 1919 when the Turkish War of Independence began.

Victory Day, August 30

Zafer Bayramı, Victory Day is celebrated on the 30th of August. It is the remembrance day of the final war in 1922 against the Greek Army invaded Turkey after the first world war.

Republic Day, October 29

Cumhuriyet Bayramı, Republic Day is celebrated on the 29th of October. The Republic of Turkey was founded on the 29th October, 1923. The first political party in Turkey is CHP, Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi, Republican People’s Party.

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… Thanks to Mehmet Efendi, Turkish coffee lovers were able to enjoy the convenience of buying ready roasted and ground coffee, and he soon became known as “Kurukahveci Mehmet Efendi”, or Mehmet Efendi, vendor of roasted and ground coffee.

Kurukahveci Mehmet Efendi, who was born in 1857 in Fatih, Istanbul and studied at the Süleymaniye Medresesi (the school attached to the Süleymaniye Mosque complex), began to work in his father’s shop on Tahmis Street, Beyoglu. Mehmet Efendi took over the family business in 1871 and began roasting raw coffee beans, grinding them in mortars and selling roasted and ready-ground Turkish coffee to his customers. Soon Tahmis Street was filled with the rich aroma of freshly roasted coffee. Thanks to Mehmet Efendi, coffee lovers were able to enjoy the convenience of buying ready roasted and ground coffee, and he soon became known as “Kurukahveci Mehmet Efendi”, or Mehmet Efendi, vendor of roasted and ground coffee.

After he passed away in 1931, the business passes to his three sons: Hasan Selahattin Bey, Hulusi Bey and Ahmet Rıza Bey. The family formally took “Kurukahveci” as their last name in 1934. His oldest son recognized the importance of the international market and decided to become active abroad. Thus, Turkish coffee began to be promoted abroad as well as in the domestic market.

Mehmet Efendi’s youngest son Ahmet Bey, who was educated abroad, was inspired to take steps to modernise the firm and invest in advertising. In 1933, he had the company logo designed, which is still used today, and also company was promoted through posters and calendars, which was a revolutionary media attempt for the period. Then Kurukahveci Mehmet Efendi began to distribute their products via the firms own fleet of automobiles and they opened new branches.

Today Kurukahveci Mehmet Efendi is run by Mehmet Efendi’s grandchildren and what began as a small family business on Tahmis Street in 1871 has now grown into a global brand.

Kurukahveci Mehmet Efendi website

Plan your trip to Istanbul – Book the cheapest flight to Istanbul, the best Istanbul hotel and Istanbul tours, tickets & activities »

Download Turkish language learning books for self-study »
Learn Turkish with self-study Turkish lessons and courses »
Take Turkish language lessons online via Skype »

Follow Istanbul Guide on Facebook »

Visit Turkey blogs for more stories »
Visit Turkey travel guide for more stories »




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