Ebru, one of the Turkish traditional forms of art, is simply creating paintings produced in a trough filled with water mixed with a mucillagenous solution. The colours made of natural pigments mixed with ox-gall are sprinkled over the surface of the mixture with brushes made of rose stalks and horse hair. Pins, needles and combs are used to swirl the colours into one another to produce a design, usually flowers, on the surface of the mixture. Paper or fabric is laid carefully on the design, and as the paper is lifted from the surface, the design transfers to the paper.
Ebru has been used for fine works of art as well as for backgrounds to calligraphy, borders of inscriptions and endpapers in finely bound books.